What are the Symptoms of Viral Meningitis and the Treatment for Viral Meningitis?

Meningitis is a serious condition that affects the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. There are different types of meningitis, including bacterial, viral, and fungal meningitis. Among these, viral meningitis is the most common and is usually caused by a group of viruses known as enteroviruses.

Viral meningitis is usually not as severe as bacterial meningitis, but it can still cause significant discomfort and lead to complications if not treated promptly. In this article, we will discuss the symptoms of viral meningitis and the treatment options available.

Symptoms of Viral Meningitis:

The symptoms of viral meningitis can vary from person to person, and some people may not show any symptoms at all. However, the most common symptoms of viral meningitis include:

  1. Headache: The headache is usually severe and persistent and may be accompanied by sensitivity to light or sound.
  2. Fever: A high fever is often present in viral meningitis, which may last for several days.
  3. Stiff neck: A stiff neck is a common symptom of meningitis. In some cases, it may be difficult to touch your chin to your chest.
  4. Nausea and vomiting: Nausea and vomiting are common symptoms of viral meningitis.
  5. Fatigue: A feeling of tiredness and weakness is common in people with viral meningitis.
  6. Rash: A rash may develop on the body of some people with viral meningitis.
  7. Seizures: In rare cases, seizures may occur in people with viral meningitis.

It is important to note that these symptoms are not unique to viral meningitis and can also occur in other conditions. Therefore, if you experience any of these symptoms, it is essential to seek medical attention immediately.

Treatment for Viral Meningitis:

There is no specific treatment for viral meningitis, and most people recover on their own within a few days to a week. However, some treatments can help alleviate the symptoms and speed up recovery.

  1. Rest: It is important to rest as much as possible when you have viral meningitis. This will help your body fight the infection and speed up recovery.
  2. Pain relievers: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help alleviate the headache and fever associated with viral meningitis.
  3. Intravenous fluids: If you are unable to drink enough fluids due to nausea or vomiting, your doctor may recommend intravenous fluids to prevent dehydration.
  4. Antiviral medication: In some cases, antiviral medications may be prescribed to treat the underlying viral infection causing meningitis.
  5. Hospitalization: In severe cases, hospitalization may be required to monitor and manage symptoms, especially if there are complications such as seizures.


There are some simple measures you can take to reduce your risk of contracting viral meningitis:

  1. Practice good hygiene: Washing your hands regularly with soap and water is an effective way to reduce the spread of viruses that cause meningitis.
  2. Avoid close contact with people who are sick: Viral meningitis is contagious and can spread through close contact with an infected person.
  3. Cover your nose and mouth: Covering your nose and mouth when you cough or sneeze can help prevent the spread of viruses that cause meningitis.
  4. Vaccination: Vaccination against some types of meningitis is available and is recommended for people at high risk of contracting the disease, such as college students living in dormitories.


Viral meningitis is a serious condition that requires prompt medical attention. The symptoms of viral meningitis can vary, but headache, fever, and stiff neck are the most common. While there is no specific treatment for viral meningitis, rest, pain relievers, intravenous fluids,